Description of the Domica Cave


The underground passages of the Domica Cave are counted among the most important and beautiful in the Slovak Karst. They rose in the light limestones of the Middle Triassic (Ladin) which form massif of the hills Domica 464 m a.s.l. and Poron 505 m a.s.l.. The cave is situated on the southwestern border of the Silicka planina Plateau 10 km southeast of the town Plesivec.

A Womb of the Mother Earth (55kB). (sorry, it is a official title really)

The passages of the Domica Cave were shaped by erosion of the underground stream. All the more extensive cave corridors are spreading alongside pronounced tectonic fissures. Fissures are in a north to south direction with inclination westward for the main part of the cave, and in a west to east direction with inclination to the North in minor degree. The main passage is drained by the underground stream Styx flowing across the whole system Baradla - Domica. Both the altitude situation of the cave corridors and the different composition of river deposits show that more periods of erosion and accumulation phases took place in the creation of underground caverns. Z.Roth (1937) identified 3 erosional and 4 accumulative stages on two altitude evolutional levels. Recent drilling works discovered another evolutional level lain lower. The lengthwise profile of cave corridors presents the evolutional levels with comparative declination 12-18 m. Each of them has periods alternated the erosion and the accumulation.

The Majko's Dome (86kB).

Sinter decoration is widely distributed. Unique forms are notable as dripstone shields and drums. The cascade-like dripstone lakes called Roman Baths are remarkable for their impression. Onion-like and breast-like shapes of stalactites in the Virgin Corridor are interesting for their proportions. The rare minerals are present in so-called guano pots. In addition the cave is important from the angle of archaeological and biospeleologic. More information about results of the archaeological investigation of the Domica Cave can be found on page Archaeology in the Domica Cave. Important species of troglobionts (Niphargas aggtelehiensis, Mesoniscus graniter Friv) were occurred in the cave. Please read the page Cave fauna in the Slovak karst for more information about an extension of the cave fauna.


SLOVAKIA CAVE SERVER prepared by Eduard Kladiva (Old Cave Dog) from Speleoclub CASSOVIA . Please send all comments, notes and corrections on e-mail kladiva@saske.sk.