Archaeology in the Domica Cave


The Domica Cave is a well known cave settlement from the Late Stone Age sometime used as the underground holy of holies probably. In accordance with the most recent research works the Domica Cave was a dwelling place for the people of the Bukk Culture with the interruptions about 300 years (6400 - 6100 before Christ). There is the richest cave finding place of the Bukk Culture as a matter of fact. It was demonstrated by numerous finds of stone tools (knives and scrapers of obsidian, stone wedges and crusher for grain, splinters of clay vessels (on picture), tools made of bones, combs, sintered vessels) and additional proofs of existence of prehistoric settlement.

The Bukk Culture vessel glued into sinter (68kB).

Man probably got into this cave as early as in the Early Stone Age. A reason for it is given a finding of the only one stone leafy spike which ranks in the Szelet Culture (35 000 - 40 000 years) in the cave alluvium. Next prehistoric inhabitants of the Domica were users of the Starcevo-Kris and Seskel Cultures what both are characterized by a production of thin bowls without spirals and meanders. In about Middle of the Late Stone Age the peoples of East Slavonic Culture settled the cave. For them the linear ceramics with rich cut ornaments is characterized. Small fragments of the ceramics confirm, that the cave was at that time settled in only for a short time. The Domica offered only poor findings of skeleton relics of man: in 1926 a half of lower jaw was discovered and in 1936 was found a half of already sintered jaw and footprints and handprints in clay. Unexplained drawings of the lines decorate walls of the close passage. It can be interpreted as that some parts of the Domica Cave were used to ritual ceremonies of the primeval peoples.


SLOVAKIA CAVE SERVER prepared by Eduard Kladiva (Old Cave Dog) from Speleoclub CASSOVIA . Please send all comments, notes and corrections on e-mail kladiva@saske.sk.